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Hair Loss Causes

Updated: May 19, 2022

Hair loss can affect only your scalp or your entire body, and it can be temporary or permanent. Anyone can lose hair on their head, but it's more common in men than women. Baldness is an excessive hair loss from your scalp. Hereditary hair loss with age is the most common cause of baldness. Some people prefer to let their hair loss run its course untreated and unhidden. Others may cover it up with hairstyles, makeup, hats or scarves. And still others choose hair transplantation as a treatment of hair loss. People typically lose 50 to 100 hairs a day. This usually isn't noticeable because new hair is growing in at the same time. Hair loss occurs when new hair doesn't replace the hair that has fallen out. Hair loss is typically related to one or more of the following factors:

  • Genetic factors (Hereditary): The most common cause of hair loss is a hereditary condition that happens with aging. This condition is called androgenic alopecia, male-pattern baldness and female-pattern baldness. It usually occurs gradually and in predictable patterns a receding hairline and bald spots in men and thinning hair along the crown of the scalp in women.

  • Hormonal changes and medical conditions: A variety of conditions can cause permanent or temporary hair loss, including hormonal changes due to pregnancy, childbirth, menopause and thyroid problems.

  • Medications and supplements: Hair loss can be a side effect of certain drugs, such as those used for cancer, arthritis, depression, heart problems, gout and high blood pressure.

  • Radiation therapy: The hair may not grow back the same as it was before.

  • Psychological and neurological disorders such as stress: Many people experience a general thinning of hair several months after a physical or emotional shock. This type of hair loss is temporary.

  • Hairstyles and treatments (Bad hair Care): Excessive hairstyling or hairstyles that pull your hair tight, such as pigtails or cornrows, can cause of hair loss. Hot-oil hair treatments and permanents also can cause hair to fall out.

  • Metabolic disorders: unbalanced nutrition, low in vitamins

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